Julian Assange Bio
Julian Paul Assange is an Australian computer programmer who is the editor of WikiLeaks. He is currently in police custody in London after having been arrested on April 11, 2019, by the Metropolitan Police Service for breaching his bail conditions in December 2010.
Julian Assange Quick Facts
Julian Assange was born on 3 July 1971 in Townsville City, Australia
|Known For||computer programmer|
|Books||Cypherpunks, When Google Met WikiLeaks, MORE|
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Assange founded WikiLeaks in 2006 and came to international attention in 2010 when WikiLeaks published a series of leaks provided by Chelsea Manning.
These leaks included the Collateral Murder video (April 2010), the Afghanistan war logs (July 2010), the Iraq war logs (October 2010), and CableGate (November 2010). Following the 2010 leaks, the federal government of the United States launched a criminal investigation into WikiLeaks and asked allied nations for assistance.
In November 2010, Sweden issued an international arrest warrant for Assange. He had been questioned there months earlier over allegations of sexual assault and rape.
Assange denied the allegations and said that he would be extradited from Sweden to the United States because of his role in publishing secret American documents.
Assange surrendered to UK police on 7 December 2010 but was released on bail within 10 days. Having been unsuccessful in his challenge to the extradition proceedings, he breached his bail and absconded. He was granted asylum by Ecuador in August 2012 and remained in the Embassy of Ecuador in London until his arrest in April 2019. Assange has held Ecuadorian citizenship since 12 December 2017.
During the 2016 Democratic Party presidential primaries, WikiLeaks hosted emails sent or received by candidate Hillary Clinton from her private email server when she was Secretary of State.
After the Democratic Party, along with cybersecurity experts, claimed that Russian intelligence had hacked Clinton campaign-related e-mails and leaked them to WikiLeaks, Assange said Clinton was causing “hysteria about Russia”.
He consistently denied any connection to or cooperation with Russia in relation to the leaks.
Swedish prosecutors dropped their investigation into the rape accusation against Assange and applied to revoke the European arrest warrant on 19 May 2017.
The London Metropolitan Police indicated that an arrest warrant was in force for Assange’s failure to surrender himself to his bail.
Ecuadorian President Lenín Moreno said on 27 July 2018 that he had begun talks with British authorities to withdraw the asylum for Assange.
In December, Assange turned down an offer that would have allowed him to leave the embassy with the guarantee that the UK would not extradite him to any country where he could face the death penalty.
Julian Assange Wife, Children, Personal Life
Julian Paul Hawkins was born on 3 July 1971 in Townsville, Queensland, to Christine Ann Hawkins (b. 1951), a visual artist, and John Shipton, an anti-war activist and builder. The couple separated prior to his birth.
When Julian Hawkins was a year old, his mother married Richard Brett Assange, an actor, with whom she ran a small theatre company and whom Assange regards as his father (choosing Assange as his surname).
The surname Assange is an Anglicisation of the Chinese name Au Sang from a Taiwanese man who married a Torres Strait Islander woman on Thursday Island. His mother had a house in Nelly Bay on Magnetic Island where they lived from time to time until it was destroyed by fire.
Christine and Brett Assange divorced about 1979. Christine Assange then became involved with Leif Meynell, also known as Leif Hamilton, a member of Australian cult The Family, with whom she had a son before the couple broke up in 1982.
Assange had a nomadic childhood and had lived in over thirty Australian towns by the time he reached his mid-teens when he settled with his mother and half-brother in Melbourne, Victoria.
He attended many schools, including Goolmangar Primary School in New South Wales (1979–1983) and Townsville State High School, as well as being schooled at home.
He studied programming, mathematics, and physics at Central Queensland University (1994) and the University of Melbourne (2003–2006), but did not complete a degree.
While in his teens, Assange married a woman named Teresa, and in 1989 they had a son, Daniel Assange, now a software designer.
The couple separated and initially disputed custody of their child. Assange was Daniel’s primary caregiver for much of his childhood.
Assange has other children; in an open letter to French President François Hollande, he stated that his youngest child lives in France with his mother. He also said that his family had faced death threats and harassment because of his work, forcing them to change identities and reduce contact with him.
Wikileaks co-founder (Julian Assange ) arrested in London
Mr Assange took refuge in the embassy in 2012 to avoid extradition to Sweden over a sexual assault case that has since been dropped.
At Westminster Magistrates’ Court on Thursday he was found guilty of failing to surrender to the court.
He also faces US federal conspiracy charges related to one of the largest ever leaks of government secrets.
Ecuador’s president said it withdrew his asylum after repeated violations of international conventions.
But Wikileaks tweeted that Ecuador had acted illegally in terminating Mr Assange’s political asylum “in violation of international law”.
Mr Assange, 47, was initially taken to a central London police station before appearing at Westminster Magistrates’ Court.
Dressed in a black suit and black polo shirt, he waved to the public gallery and gave a thumbs up. He pleaded “not guilty” to the 2012 charge of failing to surrender to the court.
The court heard that during his arrest at the embassy he had to be restrained and shouted: “This is unlawful, I am not leaving.”
Finding him guilty, District Judge Michael Snow said Mr Assange’s behaviour was “the behaviour of a narcissist who cannot get beyond his own selfish interest”.
He sent him to Southwark Crown Court for sentencing. Mr Assange also faces extradition on the US charges and will appear in court via video link on 2 May on that matter.